Without pediatric immunizations, a child can be exposed to a variety of everyday illnesses and life-threatening diseases. The majority of illnesses, even seemingly innocent ones, come with a long list of potential disease complications that could lead to disease or death. The importance of having your child scheduled for regular immunizations cannot be emphasized enough.
Children under two need pediatric immunizations the most
Children two and under are at a higher risk of exposure due to their immature immune systems. They should be placed on an immunization schedule to keep them safe. During this schedule, they will visit their pediatrician for regular vaccinations— most of which will occur every two months during the first year of life. Some of these vaccines will require “booster” shots. The following diseases are the most important for a baby to be protected against.
#1 – Diphtheria
Diphtheria is a disease that can be avoided by receiving the DTaP vaccine. This disease is spread by touch or by air. The main symptom of Diphtheria is a thick mucus coating in the throat that can inhibit breathing. If contracted, Diphtheria can lead to paralysis and heart failure in addition to breathing complications in young children. Heart swelling and coma are also potential complications of this disease. The DTaP immunization requires multiple vaccinations, and these should be given once the child is two, four, six, and fifteen months old. As well as another round again once the child reaches an older age. The DTaP immunization will also protect a child against another common illness, whooping-cough, that could lead to pneumonia and death.
#2 – Rotavirus
Rotavirus is a severe illness that can be prevented with the RV vaccination. This illness causes severe diarrhea, vomiting, and fever— all of which are dangerous symptoms for a young child. The RV vaccination should be given at two months, four months and six months.
#3 – Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B can be prevented by two Hep B vaccinations— one at one month and one at six months. Hepatitis B causes fever, vomiting, joint pain, headache and may lead to chronic liver infection, liver cancer, and even liver failure.
#4 – Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
The Hib vaccination should be administered at two, four, six and 12 months to protect a child against Haemophilus Influenzae Type B. This disease has few symptoms but can lead to a dangerous infection of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), leading to disability, breathing problems and death.
#5 Pneumococcal disease
Pneumococcal disease is another life-threatening illness that could lead to meningitis (and associated symptoms), blood infection and death. The PCV13 vaccine protects children against pneumococcus when it is administered at two months, four months, six months and 12 months.
Polio is now a rare disease. However, the illness used to be rampant before the IPV vaccine was invented and introduced as a solution. Symptoms of polio are sore throat, fever, headache and nausea, and complications of the disease are paralysis and death. The IPV pediatric immunization should be administered at two, four and six months old, and possibly later in the older child years.
Other diseases children can be immunized against
In addition to these immunizations, a child should receive the MMR (measles protection), varicella (chickenpox protection) and Hep A (Hepatitis A protection) immunizations at some point in the later part of the first two years of a child’s life. The flu vaccine may also be considered on a yearly basis.
Take the steps to protect your child
Before an immunization schedule was implemented, children died unnecessarily at rapid rates. These immunizations are truly a modern miracle that should be taken seriously. To learn more about scheduling a child for pediatric immunizations, call our office today.
For more information or to schedule an appointment with Homero Garza MD – HG Pediatrics, call us at (832) 246-7260.